Create a program file `grade_calc.cs`

for this assignment.
You are going to be
putting together your first programming assignment where
you will be taking the various concepts we have learned
thus far from class and to put together your first
meaningful program on your own.

This program will incorporate the following elements:

- Prompt a user for input.
- Perform some rudimentary calculations.
- Make some decisions.
- Produce output.

As we’ve mentioned earlier in class, our focus is going
to be on learning how to write computer programs that start
with a Main() function and perhaps use other functions as
needed to *get a particular job done*. Eventually, we will
be incorporating more and more advanced elements, such as
classes and objects. For now, we would like you to organize
your program according to the guidelines set forth here.

Our first program is based on a common task that every
course professor/instructor needs to do: make grades. In
any given course, there is a *grading scale* and a set of
*categories*.

Here is sample output from two runs of the program.
The only data entered by the user are
show in **boldface** for illustration here.

One successful run with the data used above:

Enter weights for each part as an integerpercentage of the final grade:Exams:40Labs:15Homework:15Project:20Participation:10Enter decimal numbers for the averages in each part:Exams:50Labs:100Homework:100Project:100Participation:5Your grade is 70.5%Your letter grade is C-.

A run with bad weights:

Enter weights for each part as an integerpercentage of the final grade:Exams:30Labs:10Homework:10Project:10Participation:10Your weights add to 70, not 100.This grading program is ending.

Make your program file have the name `grade_calc.cs`

.

This is based on the idea of Dr. Thiruvathukal’s own legendary course syllabus. We’re going to start by assuming that there is a fixed set of categories. As an example we assume Dr. Thiruvathukal’s categories.

In the example below we work out for Dr. Thiruvathukal’s weights in each category, though your program should prompt the user for these integer percentages:

- exams - 40% (integer weight is 40)
- labs - 15% (weight 15)
- homework - 15% (weight 15)
- project - 20% (weight 20)
- participation - 10% (weight 10)

Your program will prompt the user for each the weights for each of the categories. These weights will be entered as integers, which must add up to 100.

If the weights do not add up to 100, print a message and
end the program. You can use an `if`

-`else`

construction
here. An alternative is an `if`

statement to test for a bad sum.
In the block of statements that go with the `if`

statement,
you can put not only the message to the user, but also a
statement:

```
return;
```

Recall that a function ends when a return statement is reached.
You may not have heard that this can also be used
with a `void`

function. In a `void`

function
there is no return value in the `return`

statement.

Assuming the weights add to 100, then we will use
these weights to compute your
grade as a `double`

, which gives you the
best precision when it comes to floating-point arithmetic.

We’ll talk in class about why we want the weights to be
integers. Because floating-point mathematics is not 100%
precise, it is important that we have an accurate way
to know that the weights *really add up* to 100. The only
way to be assured of this is to use *integers*. We will
actually use floating-point calculations to compute the
grade, because we have a certain tolerance for errors at
this stage. (This is a fairly advanced topic that is
covered extensively in courses like COMP 264/Systems
Programming and even more advanced courses like Numerical
Analysis, Comp 308.)

We are going to pretend that we already know our score (as a percentage) for each one of these categories, so it will be fairly simple to compute the grade.

For each category, you will define a weight (int) and a score (double). Then you will sum up the weight * score and divide by 100.0 (to get a double-precision floating-point result).

This is best illustrated by example.

George is a student in COMP 170. He has the following averages for each category to date:

- exams: 50%
- labs: 100%
- homework: 100%
- project: 100%
- participation: 5%

The following session with the `csharp`

interpreter shows
the how you would declare all of the needed variables and
the calculation to be performed:

```
csharp> int exam_weight = 40;
csharp> int lab_weight = 15;
csharp> int hw_weight = 15;
csharp> int project_weight = 20;
csharp> int participation_weight = 10;
csharp> double exam_grade = 50.0;
csharp> double lab_grade = 100;
csharp> double homework_grade = 100;
csharp> double project_grade = 100;
csharp> double participation_grade = 5;
```

This is intended only to be as an example though. Your program must ask the user to enter each of these variables.

Once we have all of the weights and scores entered, we
can calculate the grade as follows. This is a long
expression: It is continued on multiple lines. Recall all
the `>`

symbols are csharp prompts are not part of the
expression:

```
csharp> double grade = (exam_weight * exam_grade +
> homework_weight* homework_grade +
> lab_weight * lab_grade + project_weight * project_grade +
> participation_weight * participation_grade) / 100.0;
```

Then you can display the grade as a percentage:

```
csharp> Console.WriteLine("Your grade is {0}%", grade);
Your grade is 70.5%
```

Now for the fun part. We will use `if`

statements to
print the letter grade. You will actually need to use
multiple `if`

statements to test the conditions. A way
of thinking of how you would write the logic for determining
your grade is similar to how you tend to think of the *best*
grade you can *hope for* in any given class. (We know that
we used to do this as students.)

Here is the thought process:

- If my grade is 93 (93.0) or higher, I’m getting an A.
- If my grade is 90 or higher (but less than 93), I am getting an A-.
- If my grade is 87 or higher (but less than 90), I am getting a B+.
- And so on...
- Finally, if I am less than 60, I am unlikely to pass.

We’ll come to see how *logic* plays a major role in
computer science–sometimes even more of a role than
other mathematical aspects. In this particular program,
however, we see a bit of the best of both worlds. We’re
doing *arithmetic* calculations to *compute* the grade.
But we are using *logic* to determine the grade in the
cold reality that we all know and love: the bottom-line
grade.

This assignment can be started after the data chapter,
because you can do most all of it with tools
learned so far. Add the parts with `if`

statements
when you have been introduced to `if`

statements.
(Initially be sure to use data that makes the
weights actually add up to 100.)

You should be able to write the program more concisely and readably if you use functions developed in class for the prompting user input.

Warning

As a general rule, we expect programs to be complete, compile correctly, run, and be thoroughly tested. We are able to grade an incomplete program but will only give at most 10/25 for effort. Instead of submitting something incomplete, you are encouraged to complete your program and submit it per the late policy. Start early and get help!

25 point assignment broken down as follows:

- Enter weights, with prompts
**[3]** - End if the weights do not add to 100:
**[5]** - Enter grades, with prompts:
**[3]** - Calculate the numerical average and display with a label:
**[5]** - Calculate the letter grade and display witha label:
**[5]** - Use formatting standards for indentation:
**[4]**- Sequential statements at the same level of indentation
- Blocks of statements inside of braces indented
- Closing brace for a statement block always lining up with the heading before the start of the block.

You may work with a partner, following good pair-programming practice, sharing responsibility for all parts.

Only one of a pair needs to submit the actual programming assignment.
However *both* students, *independently*, should write and
include a log in their
Homework submission. Students working alone should also submit a log,
with fewer parts.

Each individual’s log should indicate each of the following clearly:

- Your name and who your partner is (if you have one)
- Your approximate total number of hours working on the homework
- Some comment about how it went - what was hard ...
- An assessment of your contribution (if you have a partner)
- An assessment of your partner’s contribution (if you have a partner).

Just omit the parts about a partner if you do not have one.

Note

Name the log file with the exact file name: “log.txt” and make it a plain text file. You can create it in a program editor or in a fancy document editor. If you use a fancy document editor, be sure to a “Save As...” dialog, and select the file format “plain text”, usually indicated by the ”.txt” suffix. It does not work to save a file in the default word processor format, and then later just change its name (but not its format) in the file system.